Forth code for Mecrisp (+Stellaris) on STM32 and MSP430
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forth-mecrisp/msp430
flabbergast 97c0fb8e4a Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
..
core Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
drivers Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
ex Add MSP430 cores and notes. 3 years ago
fr24xx MSP430FRxx: reorganise bases. 3 years ago
fr2433 Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
fr2476 Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
g2553 Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
templates Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
README.md Reorg: replace_constants, resolve_includes. 3 years ago
terminal Add msp430/unattended. 3 years ago

README.md

MSP430

This stuff is supposed to run on mecrisp forth on MSP430 chips. Mainly the classic MSP430G2553, but I've also experimented with the newer MSP430FR2433 and MSP430FR2476 (there is a Launchpad for both of these).

It is not very well organised, so you'll just need to find your way about it. I've not "deployed" any actual sensor using this, so ... ymmv.

My main concern (because sensors) is power consumption. So some pros and cons.

msp430g2553

This is an amazing one. There is a DIP version of this chip, and with Matthias Koch's venerated lowpower version of mecrisp it runs prompt on less than 2uA (requires external 32768 crystal but no caps). The biggest downside is space: it's got only 16kB of flash (of which 11kB takes mecrisp), and 512 bytes of RAM (of which about 200 is available for the program). It is mostly enough for a deployed sensor though (just), but development is a bit painful (can't really compiletoram, so lots of flash writes). Also the prompt is only 9600 baud.

msp430fr2433

The first con is that it only comes in QFN or smaller packages, so it is a pain to build own boards. But it is very small (physically). The cool feature about this one is FRAM instead of flash - no penalty in writing to it any time. This particular one has 16kB of it, so again only 4.5kB space for programs; but it has 4kB of RAM, which is quite enough for development and testing.

For me the biggest downside of this one is the clock system and the power consequences. There is an internal REFO 32768Hz clock which kicks in when there is no external crystal, and consumes 15uA of power come what may. (So lpm3 is about 16uA, lpm4 goes down to 1.5-2uA but only external interrupts for wakeup.) The external crystal requires caps, and even with it it is quite a pain to make the MCU use it and switch off REFO. Possible though. This makes lpm3 pretty nice, just like on g2553. However I couldn't quite make the prompt lowpower (like on g2553), because I didn't find a way to make the UART use the external crystal (XT1) for timing. So it gets shut down on lpm3, and while it does wake up on RX, the data is garbled. Maybe with lower baud rate?

msp430fr2476

Same as fr2433, except 64kB FRAM (only 32kB is below $FFFF though, so mecrisp only actively uses that), and 8 kB RAM. Also REFO only uses 1uA here, so one can get reasonably low power in lpm3 without any components - about 3uA. Comes also in QFP-48 package, so hand solderable. The main downside here is the price.

Structure

The g2553 and fr2433 directories contain material which is only for the respective chips. drivers have some a bit higher level drivers which should be applicable more generally, as long as the base words are available.

I mostly replaced constants with their values (space is tight); but in some I left the constants in. There is a simple python script in templates which takes one of these, and a bunch of files where the constants are defined, and produces code with the constants replaced.

The core directory contains mecrisp hex files, to be flashed onto the chip. The -xt1 versions require an external 32768Hz crystal to work. The subdirectories contain mecrisp sources which produce the ones which are not part of the standard mecrisp distribution. To build, get a mecrisp tarball, unpack, and copy these source dirs to mecrisp-source, go inside, and then assemble will build the hex. This of course requires the asl assembler; on Arch Linux the package is mas in AUR.

(The FR2433 mecrisp actually runs on the FR2476 straight without modifications, but the memory sizes are wrong, and some irq names are wrong.)

Random notes

Power consumption on MSP430G2553

With my minimal g2553 circuit, I was getting 50-500uA consumption, while on a Launchpad, same chip, was doing around 1.5uA. (This is Mecrisp lowpower, with some basic init; btw without the init it was taking about 30uA.)

Turns out it's all about the pins setup. They seem to need to be tied to something, floating really ups the consumption. Just making them all outputs on my bare board got the consumption to the expected 1.5uA.